2019年6月13日的研究生讨论班 – 总结

我们2018-2019年最后一次研究生讨论班欢迎了巴黎第一索邦大学名誉地理教授Martine Berger。两名科学学生介绍了他们的研究。

第一个报告是尼古拉 (Nicolas Mangin) 介绍的。他在读里昂中央大学 (École Centrale de Lyon) 与清华大学环境工程的双学位,读研二。他介绍了他的研究涉及在污水中一个污染物的生物降解。他能够用很简单的话给我们外行介绍他题目的基础,也就是说污水是什么,废水处理厂怎么运作,里面有哪些污染物,怎么消除它们——用化学处理或生物处理,等。

他的研究关注卡马西平 (CBZ),一种在居民区水里有抗疫力的抗癫痫化学分子。他在研究CBZ的退化:怎么即用化学处理(臭氧化)又用生物处理(菌)来改善CBZ的退化? 尼古拉实验了几种菌,至今两种也没有效果。他正在实验混菌因为该混合更像废水处理厂的自然环境。他解释了科学进程、科学裁决、挑战与教训。

提问时,尼古拉谈了他的学术背景、他怎么选择在中国来学习微生物学、他的经验与他面对的限制。傅蘭思主任强调了尼古拉研究的经验方面,因为他在研究CBZ退化的过程,化学反应都很复杂。对此,他也解释了能够适应环境菌的自然选择过程。

接下来,读国立巴黎高等矿业学校 (Mines Paris Tech) 与清华大学、关于能源项目管理的双学位雷米 (Rémy Blockelet) 介绍了他们班的项目 (Projet ALEF)。该项目关注在能源过度中储能发挥的角色。他先简介了他的硕士项目,包括他们的许多实地考察旅行、学生的多样性及他们5月28日举办的讲座。

首先,雷米介绍了的世界上储能的不同方法:第一为抽水蓄能电站 (STEP),占96%, 然后排列聚光式太阳能电力(CSP)(2%) 及固定电池(2%)。在法国,雷米强调核能的重要性,占法国能源组合的70%,所以至今储能并不优先。此现象将会当可再生能源发展的障碍,尤其在国家能源多年计划 (PPE)中因本来为储能高峰期时能够给电力网络带来更多的适应性

之后,雷米谈了自主消费与资助产生两个话题。虽然在法国不太发达,可是很多法国人对此有感兴趣。他介绍了生产和消费的条件与它们的限制,也提出了在法国支持发展该自主消费的四点:涨电价、下降太阳能板的价格、改善现行规章制度、及使主要经典行为者参与过程,假如EDF,Engie 等公司。

问答时我们谈了智能电网。像尼古拉似的,雷米也讲了他来中国留学的原因。最后,傅蘭思主任提出,在我们的讨论班每次报告都强调了在中国做研究的困难——即语言的问题、限制获取资料、行政过程的问题或者跟中方伙伴合作的缺乏等问题。不过,访华学习还是一种很丰富、有挑战的生活经验。

2019年5月9日的研究生讨论班 – 总结

2019年5月9日,中法中心进行了一次研究生讨论班。三名学生介绍了本人的社会科学研究,涉及建筑与国际关系安全问题。我们很高兴地欢迎了法国驻华大使馆高等教育与人文社科研究合作项目专员杜雷。

首先,巴黎高等国家建筑大学 (ENSAPLV) 读研二,在清华大学留学的河龙 (Renaud CRUELLS)介绍了他关于1982年至2018年建筑领域里法合作的毕业论文。

他先介绍本人的研究方法基于该合作的不同角色的采访。接下来,他回顾该合作历史性的重要事件,假如2010年的上海世界博览会。之后,他谈了双方对于建筑的文化合作,尤其巴黎当代中国建筑观察站 (l’Observatoire de l’architecture de la Chine contemporaine) 或交流良好做法双方讲习班的发挥的重要角色。

他的论文最关注的是在建筑领域里的中法这只合作,尤其通过雅克 ·希拉克总统与江泽民主席当政时开启的总统方案。从1998年至2005年,该方案令150名中国建筑师,城市化专家与园艺师去法国留学。该交流对建筑方面的中法合作有了很大的影响,造成可持续的关系以便利业者进入中国市场并且带给中国同事来法国内行的视角和学习方法。

接下来,在丹麦读研二、在国际琯溪学院留学的胡乔 (Giovanni GIAMELLO) 介绍了他的毕业论文涉及欧盟与中国的安全关系,尤其是双方在非洲做合作的条件与可能性

他解释为何本人选了该主题之侯,胡乔介绍他通过新自由化制度主义的全球合作理论来研究该话题。他使用国际关系的观念以便突出地缘政治况状的条件,假如“结果优先”的感念,互惠互利,信誉,互相相信,相互依存等观念。

胡乔选了三个个案研究:亚丁湾(位于索马里沿海)、中非共和国与马里。在这些地方,欧盟与中国之间的军事合作具有不同条件:在亚丁湾它们造成了三个大联盟,反而在马里合作很少,大部分都在联合国领导下。总之,在非洲欧洲与中国之间的军事合作是可以实现的,不过还是一种多种及有限的合作。至于三边合作,他提出如今不会实现因为中方跟它的非洲伙伴还优先双方合作。

最后,在巴黎法国国立东方语言文化学院读博三、在人民大学留学的伊利斯(Iris MARJOLET 做报告了。她的研究关注在拉美的中国安全外交,尤其研究中国与委内瑞拉和巴西之间的双方防务外交。通过文献回顾,伊利斯提出关于该主题理论缺口很明显,研究资料很少尤其是涉及中方及拉美视角的文献资料——文献的大多数文件显示美国的视角。她介绍“安全/军事/防务外交“这个理论框架,说明多样定义的重要性。

伊利斯也介绍了地缘政治状况以便解释她根据如今安全双方合作的条件为何选了委内瑞拉和巴西这两国家。这是因为在军事方面委内瑞拉与中国之间的关系已经很发达——尤其由于武器出售。至于巴西,巴西是第一拉美国家跟中国签好了一条防务协议——虽然波索那罗总统跟美国亲近将给协议的实现一些困难和疑问。

讨论这些文献资料很少、敏感的话题令参与者意识到在社会科学领域中做研究的挑战,尤其在安全方面上。中法中心主任傅蘭思及法国大使馆杜雷专家都读博士,给伊利斯一些建议怎么应对这些做研究挑战。

*****

这次讨论班聚集了十几名在首都读书的社会科学研究生及科学研究生。下一次,就是今年最后一次研究生讨论班,一些科学研究生会介绍本人的研究,使我们对比社会科学和科学的研究方法与条件。

2019年2月27日的研究生讨论班 – 总结

2019年2月27日星期三,中法中心举办了一个针对在北京的研究生的讨论班。中法中心迎接了新来的研究生并介绍了我们中心的宗旨与活动。

该活动时,我们很高兴地听到博安安 (Andreea Ioana BUDEANU) 博士生的讲座。博安安在法国国立东方语言文化学院读博三,今年在北京大学国际关系学院读书。她的导师是余曦 (Jean-François HUCHET),中国经济专家与法国国立东方语言文化学院的院长。她通过学习建于2012年的“16+1合作”在研究中国与中东欧国家的关系。安安介绍了她的研究过程与进步。

由于她的政治学、国际关系与中国学的教育背景及她在罗马尼亚、法国与中国都读过书,她为研究这个话题而融合本人的不同经验、知识与她所受到的影响。她报告之后跟参与者问答,导致了很有意思的辩论涉及“16+1合作”的社会、经济与政治问题。

该研究生讨论班的主讲人,中法中心的主任傳闌思讨论了在中国做研究的一些困难与挑战。由于18年在中国生活的经验与她具有丰富的实地工作经验,傳闌思使用了自己的经验来说明实地会出现的障碍并给了一些面对困难、解决问题的方法和花头。

下一届研究生讨论班4月下旬。有感兴趣的话,请跟我们联系上contact@beijing-cfc.org,具体写下来你的名字,电子邮箱,中国/法国的学校,研究方向,导师(如有)与任何问题。

我们希望下次研究生讨论班大家很热情地来参加!

Young Researchers Seminar : New Developments in the Chinese social sector – 2 June 2017

The Tsinghua University Sino-French Research Centre is pleased to invite you to a seminar on new developments in the Chinese social sector.

Speakers:

Virginie Arantes (Université Libre de Belgique),

Olivier Ruelle ((Hong Kong Polytechnic University)

Discussants:

Jia Xijin, Associate Professor at the School of Public Policy and Management of Tsinghua University, Vice Dean of the Institute of Philanthropy of Tsinghua University

Chloé Froissart, Director of the Tsinghua Sino-French Research Center

Virginie Arantes: “The emergence of a ‘Green’ third sector in China: Cross-sectional study of grassroots NGOs

Social enterprises are a relatively new concept in China; however, their emergence already seems « unstoppable » in Shanghai. Indeed, a growing number of different actors have been actively emerging and promoting a new entrepreneurial approach in order to address social issues and create positive community changes. After more than two decades of what have been called an « association revolution » with the exponential rise of NGOs in China, a time of social enterprises development seem to have come. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in Shanghai, this article suggests that the diversification of the third sector with the emergence of social enterprises can be seen as a strategic response of society in order to overcome the restrictive and controlled environment imposed to NGOs in China.

Virginie Arantes

Virginie Arantes is a doctoral candidate and FNRS research fellow in the Department of Political and Social Sciences at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. Her actual research focus on grassroots environmental NGOs and social enterprises in Shanghai.

Olivier Ruelle : “Public Interest Practitioners in China :How doing gongyi constitutes a sense making process?”

In 2011, public figures such as academics and investigative journalists caught much public attention by launching a series of actions through social media in China. Some of these actions revolved around the abduction and trafficking of children, miners befallen by pneumoconiosis, or malnutrition of schooled children in poor regions. Described as ‘Internet philanthropy,’ ‘social public interest actions,’ or ‘popular public welfare’, these gongyi or public interest actions were initiated by individuals not generally associated with charity or philanthropy. They reached out to the public in a direct and immediate way through social media, enabling volunteers to participate online and offline. And they raised social issues rarely covered by traditional media. The emergence of public interest (PI) initiatives and their use of Social Network Services are the signs of a radical transformation of China’s charity sector, an evolution from top-down cishan to a more accessible gongyi. This evolution is marked by a steady development in the number of non-profit organizations, with almost 330,000 private non-commercial enterprises (minban fei qiye danwei) registered through the Ministry of Civil Affairs in April 2016. The objectives of this research are, first, to understand the motivations of long-term staff and volunteers involved in this growing sector in China, a subject that has hardly been investigated in the existing literature. Second, how their involvement constitutes an individual sense making process that helps them construct meaning regarding their social contribution and their relations with other social actors. And, third, to start considering the wider implications of this individual sense making process for the future of the PI sector.

Olivier Ruelle

After about twenty years of living and working in China, Olivier Ruelle has been a PhD candidate at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University’s Department of Applied Social Sciences (APSS) since 2014. His research interests lie in the motivations of public interest (gongyi) practitioners and how they cooperate with other social actors to solve social problems.

Friday, 2 June 2017, from 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm

Tsinghua University

Mingzhai Building 明斋楼

Room 337

The seminar will be held in English and Chinese.

Presentation of Camille Boullenois : « 中国农村地区的社会阶层流动 : 以台前县的企业家为例 », 9 March 2017

The Tsinghua University Sino-French Research Centre and the Sociology Departement of Tsinghua University are pleased to invite you to a presentation of Camille Boullenois, with Professor Liu Jingming (Professor of sociology at Tsinghua University):

CamilleBoullenois

Camille Boullenois

Camille Boullenois is a PhD student in the Department of Political and Social Change, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU. Her research expertise relates to social relations and social change in contemporary China, especially pertaining to rural China, agricultural policy, entrepreneurship, social mobility, rural-urban migration. She also works as an analyst at China Policy, and contributes regularly to China Analysis and Oxford Analytica, writing on Chinese society and politics.

“Social mobility in rural China: a study of entrepreneurs in Taiqian County”

« 中国农村地区的社会阶层流动 : 以台前县的企业家为例 »

Camille Boullenois will present her current doctoral research on social mobility in rural China after 1978. The liberalisation reforms after 1978 have led to increased, though limited, social mobility. Preliminary findings suggest a continuation of previous communist elites, who took advantage of their position to take over collective enterprises, and adapted their strategies to assert and maintain their power in the local area. But a new group of private entrepreneurs also joined the ranks of this enduring elite, starting business from scratch, often after working several years in cities. These new entrepreneurs were mainly drawn from former wealthy families that undertook business activities before the Maoist revolution and re-emerged after 1978. The bottom line of this research project is to understand the power play between a new and an old (though very adaptative) elite, and how their dominance is constructed locally. These questions will be examined through the lens of power relations, by analysing day-to-day social and cultural practices, and by studying network resource, factional affiliation, kinship, and cultural capital to understand the changes in the power base of rural elites.

Discussants:

Liu Jingming, Professor of Sociology at Tsinghua University

Chloé Froissart, Director of the Tsinghua Sino-French Research Center

Thursday, 9 March 2017, from 2:00 pm to 4:00 pm

Tsinghua University

Xiong Zhi Xing Building 熊知行楼

Departement of sociology

Room 211

The seminar will be held in English and Chinese

“中国企业能否通过奖金制度的改革实现更有社会经济效益的管理?”

清华大学社会科学学院中法研究中心荣幸地邀请您前来参加下面的博士生讨论班:

唐子元

法国里昂第三大学企业管理学院社会经济管理研究博士生

何飞让 (Jean Ruffier)

法国里昂第三大学社会经济管理研究组经济管理学院教授

评议人: 孟泉, 首都经贸大学劳动经济学院讲师

“中国企业能否通过奖金制度的改革实现更有社会经济效益的管理?”

依靠泰勒模式所组织的大规模制造型生产企业,在中国过去三十年的经济腾飞中帮助超过四亿极度贫困的中国人改善了生活水平。时至今日,持续增长生产成本及质量优化需求促进了被视为后泰勒主义管理思想的精益生产在中国制造型企业的广泛实践。然而,在这一过程中,介于受政策影响的用工成本的增长和基于泰勒主义分工思想所导致的工作价值的贬值之间的矛盾却未曾得到企业管理者的重视。我们在对天津的三家制造型企业(航空器制造,汽车制造及自动化仪表制造)隐性成本的调研中发现:由工具主义理性主导的精益生产实践更容易在企业生产活动过程中造成独特的不良运作以及负面的社会影响。我们认为,将现行的与直接生产任务相关联的集体奖金制度,变更为个体在完成具体组织目标过程中的贡献和其相应的改革红利的个人化绑定,将更可能实现对组织成员工作价值的肯定和提高,进而提升企业社会经济成绩。

2016年9月8日, 10:00-12:00

清华大学,明斋楼, 349A室

Presentation of Nathalie Mingboupha, “Hyphenated-Chinese in China:Western born second generation overseas Chinese’s ethnic ‘return’ migration to China”, December 15 2015

The Tsinghua University Sino-French Research Centre is pleased to invite you to the following presentation (in English) :

YMBNathalie Mingboupha

PhD candidate at at the School of East Asian Studies, University of Sheffield, and recipient of the CEFC short-term mobility grant for doctoral research

“Hyphenated-Chinese in China:Western born second generation overseas Chinese’s ethnic ‘return’ migration to China”

This research project explores the ethnic “return” migration of second generation overseas Chinese born in Western countries to their ancestral homeland, China. With the purpose of understanding how their​ ​”​homecoming”​ ​experiences and success or failure to integrate socially and culturally into the ancestral homeland’ society leads to the re-evaluation of their identity, Nathalie Mingboupha hypothesizes that this highly-skilled migrant group’s definitions of self and home evolve along with their transition from being a racial minority in their birth country to a cultural minority in their ethnic homeland. Resting upon qualitative methods combining the use of primary and secondary sources (mostly semi-structured in-depth interviews and document analyses), the ​aim of this research is to uncover this migrant group’s multifaceted identities through their migration stories.

Tuesday, December 15, 2015, from 2pm to 4pm

Tsinghua University Mingzhai Building, Room 349A

刘计峰, “逝去的荣耀:城市发展、地方政治与厦门鼓浪屿的基督教”, 2015年11月23日

The Tsinghua University Sino-French Research Centre is pleased to invite you to the following presentation (in Chinese) :

YMBLiu Jifeng

PhD candidate in sociology at Leiden University Centre for the Study of Religion and recipient of the CEFC short-term mobility grant for doctoral research

“The Passing of Glory: Urban Development, Local Politics, and Christianity on Gulangyu Island, Xiamen”
“逝去的荣耀:城市发展、地方政治与厦门鼓浪屿的基督教”

After the defeat of Qing government in the First Opium War, Xiamen was forcibly opened to the outside world as a trading port. At the same time, Christianity entered. As increasingly more westerners came, Gulangyu was thrust into a Western-led modernization process, in which Christianity played a major role in reshaping the sociocultural context of the island. Trinity Church, built in 1934, was a witness to the prosperity of Christianity on this island. Despite the harsh repression during Mao’s political campaigns, Trinity Church survived and revived after its reopening in the late 1970s. However, the church was doomed to decline because of the state-led commercialization driven by the development of tourism on the island. As Gulangyu experienced rapid social, cultural, and demographic changes, Christianity on the island in general and Trinity Church in particular were inevitably affected. This research, based on ethnography of Trinity Church, reveals the fate of Christianity on the changing island.

该讲座奖用中文举行

Monday, November 23, 2015, from 14:00 to 16:00

Tsinghua University Mingzhai Building, Room 337